Pangolin Laser products
Laser Show Technology for Lighting Professionals
Pangolin Laser products
Abstract Generators have a long history with laser shows, and create one the oldest and best known Image types. The structure of an Abstraction Image has a few Items.
The Oscillators and modulators are located under the preview window. Pre and Post effects are located inside the Effects tab. All other settings are inside of the Property tab.
Abstraction and the LD2000 Abstract Frame Generator are based on different models. The Classic LD2000 generator is based on a model of true wave generators that produce a consistent wave form. BEYOND Abstraction does not do this. Abstraction generates part of some waveform or formula. It is not continuous compared to the LD2000 system. Abstraction takes “N” number of input points and after that add/applies to it oscillators and modulators. There are a few ways the oscillators can be applied. The simplified logic of abstraction is:
OutValue = InValue + Amplitude * SIN ( PointNumber / TotalPoints * Periods + Speed * Time )
This formula is simplified but it reflects the main theory.
Interaction mode - defines how the result of the oscillator will be applied to the input.
Wave - defines a wave form used by the oscillator. Abstraction uses only a few fixed waveforms.
Period - defines the number of complete waveforms applied to the input. It very easy to test this on a SINE wave. If this period is one, then you will see one “wave”.
Speed - defines an “animation” speed or how fast the waveform will move.
Amplitude - defines the amplitude (height) of the waveform.
Lock - locks all the sliders together so they can be adjusted at one time.
Input icons near Period and Amplitude allow control of parameters externally. The Inputs are a standard feature of BEYOND that is used in various Effects.
Enable Z Oscillators - if this option is OFF, then Abstractions will set the Z coordinate to zero.
Points - number of starting points. If the Abstraction does not use a frame as a base Item, then BEYOND will generate “N” number of points with coordinates 0,0,0. After that, the first oscillator set the values.
IMPORTANT - Abstraction generates vector data; the actual number of output points can be MUCH BIGGER. Especially for Beam mode.
Line mode - generates a continuous line.
Beam mode - generates a sequence of single points. BEYOND generates pairs of visible+invisible (blanking) points.
Shape: As Is - uses the generated points as is, without any additional actions applied.
Shape: Close Shape - connects the last and first points, it is useful for circles or other closed shapes.
Shape: Overlapping points - generates an overlapping path, just as the LD2000 frame editor does for circles.
The Abstraction can take any frame or Image and use is as a start form. It works really well, and allows you to do more than classic abstract generators. In fact, Abstraction was developed many years before LivePRO, and elements of Abstraction were turned into LivePRO’s Color Cycle and Key Effects. Abstraction is the place where the calculation paths of LivePRO’s Image, Effect, Key Effect, and Color Cycle systems and is processed in the same order as BEYOND’s Abstraction. This order is Base Image, Pre Effect, Clone (see below) and Color (see below).
The Base Image panel has a Preview of the Image and a few standard buttons - Open, Save, Copy, Paste and Delete. More options are available from the Mode drop down list:
The color calculation process simple. There is an incoming frame; Color calculates an array, like a palette, and then maps it to the frame from 1st point down to the last point. The Color panel has a few groups of controls. Some define how to calculate the array, some define how to apply the array, or how to modify it.
Clone is a complex panel that controls multiple functions.
The Rotation panel controls the initial angle orientation of the abstraction and where you can define the rotation speed.
At the time of Abstraction’s initial development, laser effects were simple with only a few standard, matrix based operations. Inside BEYOND, the Abstraction system got the ability to use BEYOND effects that include Color effects, Oscillators, Clones, and so on. From one perspective this may look like a duplication of features, from another view point it brings a new power into Abstraction.
Abstraction has two effects, to give different results. The first effect works before the Clone, the second effect work after the Clone or “at the end” of the calculation path. To familiarize yourself with this feature, I recommend setting some Clone then add some simple oscillating, rotation, or position effect in Pre Effect and check how it looks; after that, test the same effect in Post-clone effect.